Vishnu Sahasranama | Verse 41-60


1000 Names of Sri Vishnu (Slokas 41-60)

udbhavaḥ, kṣōbhaṇō devaḥ śrīgarbhaḥ parameśvaraḥ |
karaṇaṁ kāraṇaṁ kartā vikartā gahanō guhaḥ || 41 ||

373. Udbhavaḥ: One who is the material cause of creation.

374. Kṣōbhaṇaḥ: One who at the time of creation entered into the Purusha and Prakriti and caused agitation.

375. Devaḥ: 'Divyati' means sports oneself through creation and other cosmic activities.

376. Śrīgarbhaḥ: One in whose abdomen (Garbha) Shri or His unique manifestation as Samsara has its existence.

377. Parameśvaraḥ: 'Parama' means the supreme. 'Īśvaraḥ' means one who hold sway over all beings.

378. Karaṇam: He who is the most important factor in the generation of this universe.

379. Kāraṇam: The Cause – He who causes others to act.

380. Kartā: One who is free and is therefore one's own master.

381. Vikartā: One who makes this unique universe.

382. Gahanaḥ: One whose nature, greatness and actions cannot be known by anybody.

383. Guhaḥ: One who hides one's own nature with the help of His power of Maya.

vyavasāyō vyavasthānaḥ saṁsthānaḥ sthānadō dhruvaḥ |
pararddhiḥ paramaspaṣṭastuṣṭaḥ puṣṭaḥ śubhekṣaṇaḥ || 42 ||

384. Vyavasāyaḥ: One who is wholly of the nature of knowledge.

385. Vyavasthānaḥ: He in whom the orderly regulation of the universe rests.

386. Sāṁsthānaḥ: One in whom all beings dwell in the states of dissolution.

387. Sthānadaḥ: One who gives their particular status to persons like Dhruva according to their Karma.

388. Dhruvaḥ: One who is indestructible.

389. Pararddhiḥ: One who possesses lordliness of this most exalted type.

390. Paramaspaṣṭaḥ: One in whom 'Para' or supremely glorious 'Ma' or Lakshmi dwells. Or one who is the greatest of all beings without any other's help.

391. Tuṣṭaḥ: One who is of the nature of supreme.

392. Puṣṭaḥ: One who in fills everything.

393. Śubhekṣaṇaḥ: One whose Ikshanam or vision bestows good on all beings that is, gives liberation to those who want Moksha and enjoyments to those who are after it, and also cuts asunder the knots of the heart by eliminating all doubts.

rāmō virāmō virajō mārgō neyō nayōnayaḥ |
vīraḥ śaktimatāṁ śreṣṭhō dharmō dharmaviduttamaḥ || 43 ||

394. Ramaḥ: The eternally blissful on in whom the Yogis find delight.

395. Virāmaḥ: One in whom the Virama or end of all beings takes place.

396. Virajaḥ: One in whom the desire for enjoyments has ceased

397. Mārgaḥ: The path.

398. Neyaḥ: One who directs or leads the Jiva to the Supreme Being through spiritual realization.

399. Nayaḥ: One who leads, that is, who is the leader in the form of spiritual illumination.

400. Anayaḥ: One for whom there is no leader.

401. Vīraḥ: One who is valorous.

402. Śaktimatāṁ śreṣṭhaḥ: One who is the most powerful among all powerful beings like Brahma.

403. Dharmaḥ: One who supports all beings.

404. Dharma-viduttamaḥ: The greatest of knower of Dharma. He is called so because all the scriptures consisting of Shrutis and Smrutis form His commandments.

vaikuṇṭhaḥ puruṣaḥ prāṇaḥ prāṇadaḥ praṇavaḥ pṛthuḥ |
hiraṇyagarbhaḥ śatrughnō vyāptō vāyuradhōkṣajaḥ || 44 ||

405. Vaikuṇṭhaḥ: The bringing together of the diversified categories is Vikuntha. He who is the agent of it is Vaikunthah.

406. Puruṣaḥ: One who existed before everything.

407. Prāṇaḥ: One who lives as Kshetrajana (knower in the body) or one who functions in the form of vital force called Prana.

408. Prāṇadaḥ: One who is the giver of life.

409. Praṇavaḥ: One who is praised or to whom prostration is made with Om.

410. Pṛthuḥ: One who has expanded himself as the world.

411. Hiraṇyagarbhaḥ: He who was the cause of the golden-coloured egg out of which Brahma was born.

412. Śatrughnaḥ: One who destroys the enemies of the Devas.

413. Vyāptaḥ: One who as the cause pervades all effects.

414. Vāyuḥ: One who moves towards His devotees.

415. Adhokṣajaḥ: He is Adhokshaja because he undergoes no degeneration from His original nature.

ṛtuḥ sudarśanaḥ kālaḥ parameṣṭhī parigrahaḥ |
ugraḥ saṁvatsarō dakṣō viśrāmō viśvadakṣiṇaḥ || 45 ||

416. Ṛtuḥ: One who is of the nature of Kala (time) which is indicated by the word Ritu or season.

417. Sudarśanaḥ: One whose Darshana or vision that is knowledge, bestows the most auspicious fruit Moksha.

418. Kālaḥ: One who measures and sets a limit to everything.

419. Parameṣṭhī: One who dwells in his supreme greatness in the sky of the heart.

420. Parigrahaḥ: One who, being everywhere, is grasped on all sides by those who seek refuge in Him. Or one who grasps or receives the offerings made by devotees.

421. Ugraḥ: One who is the cause of fear even to beings like Sun.

422. Saṁvatsaraḥ: One in whom all beings reside.

423. Dakṣaḥ: One who augments in the form of the world.

424. Viśrāmaḥ: One who bestows Vishrama or liberation to aspirants who seek relief from the ocean of Samsara with its waves of various tribulations in the from of Hunger, Thirst etc., and difficulties like Avidya, pride, infatuation etc.

425. Viśvadakṣiṇaḥ: One who is more skilled (Daksha) than every one. Or One who is proficient in everything.

vistāraḥ sthāvaraḥsthāṇuḥ pramāṇaṁ bījamavyayam |
arthōnarthō mahākōśō mahābhōgō mahādhanaḥ|| 46 ||

426. Vistāraḥ: One in whom all the worlds have attained manifestation.

427. Sthāvaraḥ-sthāṇuḥ: One who is firmly established is Sthavara, and in whom long lasting entities like earth are established in Sthanu. The Lord is both these.

428. Pramāṇaṁ: One who is of the nature of pure consciousness.

429. Bījamavyayam: One who is the seed or cause of Samsara without Himself undergoing any change.

430. Arthaḥ: One who is sought (Arthita) by all, as He is of the nature of bliss.

431. Anarthaḥ: One who, being self-fulfilled, has no other Artha or end to seek.

432. Mahākōśaḥ: One who has got as His covering the great Koshas like Annamaya, Pranamaya etc.

433. Mahābhōgaḥ: One who has Bliss as the great source of enjoyment.

434. Mahādhanaḥ: One who has got the whole universe as the wealth (Dhana) for His enjoyment.

anirviṇṇaḥ sthaviṣṭhōbhūrdharmayūpō mahāmakhaḥ |
nakṣatranemirnakṣatrī kṣamaḥ, kṣāmaḥ samīhanaḥ || 47 ||

435. Anirviṇṇaḥ: One who is never heedless, because He is ever self-fulfilled.

436. Sthaviṣṭhaḥ: One of huge proportions, because He is in the form of cosmic person.

437. Abhūḥ: One without birth. Or one has no existence.

438. Dharma-yūpaḥ: The sacrificial post for Dharmas, that is, one to whom all the forms of Dharma, which are His own form of worship, are attached, just as a sacrificial animal is attached to a Yupa or a sacrificial post.

439. Mahāmakhaḥ: One by offering sacrifices to whom, those sacrifices deserve to be called great, because they well give the fruit of Nirvana.

440. Nakṣatra-nemiḥ: The heart of all Nakṣatras.

441. Nakṣatrī: He is in the form of the nakṣatra, Moon.

442. Kṣamaḥ: One who is clever in everything.

443. Kṣāmaḥ: One who remains in the state of pure self after all the modifications of the mind have dwindled.

444. Samīhanaḥ: One who exerts well for creation, etc.

yajña ijyō mahejyaśca kratuḥ satraṁ satāṁ gatiḥ |
sarvadarśī vimuktātmā sarvajñō jñānamuttamam || 48 ||

445. Yajñaḥ: One who is all-knowing.

446. Ijayaḥ: One who is fit to be worshipped in sacrifices.

447. Mahejyaḥ: He who, of all deities worshipped, is alone capable of giving the blessing of liberation.

448. Kratuḥ: A Yajna in which there is a sacrificial post is Kratu.

449. Satraṁ: One who is of the nature of ordained Dharma.

450. Satāṁ-gatiḥ: One who is the sole support for holy men who are seekers of Moksha.

451. Sarva-darśī: One who by His inborn insight is able to see all good and evil actions of living beings.

452. Vimuktātmā: One who is naturally free.

453. Sarvagñaḥ: One who is all and also the knower of all.

454. Jñānam-uttamam: That consciousness which is superior to all, birthless, unlimited by time and space and the cause of all achievements.

suvrataḥ sumukhaḥ sūkṣmaḥ sughōṣaḥ sukhadaḥ suhṛt |
manōharō jitakrōdhō vīrabāhurvidāraṇaḥ || 49 ||

455. Suvrataḥ: One who has take the magnanimous vow to save all refuge-seekers.

456. Sumukhaḥ: One with a pleasant face.

457. Sūkṣmaḥ: One who is subtle because He is without any gross causes like sound etc.

458. Sughōṣaḥ: One whose auspicious sound is the Veda. Or one who has got a deep and sonorous sound like the clouds.

459. Sukhadaḥ: One who gives happiness to good people.

460. Suhṛt: One who helps without looking for any return.

461. Manōharaḥ: One who attracts the mind by His incomparable blissful nature.

462. Jitakrōdhaḥ: One who has overcome anger.

463. Vīrabāhuḥ: One whose arms are capable of heroic deeds as demonstrated in his destruction of Asuras for establishing Vedic Dharma.

464. Vidāraṇaḥ: One who destroys those who live contrary to Dharma.

svāpanassvavaśō vyāpī naikātmā naikakarmakṛt |
vatsarō vatsalō vatsī ratnagarbhō dhaneśvaraḥ || 50 ||

465. Svāpanaḥ: One who enfolds the Jīvas in the sleep of Ajñāna.

466. Svavaśaḥ: One who is dominated by oneself and not anything else, as He is the cause of the whole cosmic process.

467. Vyāpī: One who interpenetrates everything like Akasha.

468. Naikātmā: One who manifests in different forms as the subsidiary agencies causing the various cosmic processes.

469. Naikakarmakṛt: One who engages in innumerable activities in the process of creation, sustentation, etc.

470. Vatsaraḥ: One in whom everything dwells.

471. Vatsalaḥ: One who has love for His devotees.

472. Vatsī: One who protects those who are dear to Him.

473. Ratnagarbhaḥ: The Ocean is so called because gems are found in its depths. As the Lord has taken the form of the ocean, He is called by this name.

474. Dhaneśvaraḥ: One who is the Lord of all wealth.

dharmagubdharmakṛddharmī sadasatkṣaramakṣaram |
avijñātā sahasrāṁśurvidhātā kṛtalakṣaṇaḥ || 51 ||

475. Dharmagub: One who protects Dharma.

476. Dharmakṛd: Though above. Dharma and Adharma, He performs Dharma in order to keep up the traditions in respect of it.

477. Dharmī: One who upholds Dharma.

478. Sat: The Parabrahman who is of the nature of truth.

479. Asat: As the Aparabrahma has manifested as the world He is called Asat (not having reality).

480. Kṣaram: All beings subjected to change.

481. Akṣaram: The changeless one.

482. Aviñātā: One who is without the attributes of a Jiva or vigyata like sense of agency, etc.

483. Sahasrāṁśuḥ: One with numerous rays, that is the Sun.

484. Vidhātā: One who is the unique support of all agencies like Ananta who bear the whole universe.

485. Kṛtalakṣaṇaḥ: One who is of the nature of consciousness.

gabhastinemiḥ sattvasthaḥ siṁhō bhūtamaheśvaraḥ |
ādidevō mahādevō deveśō devabhṛdguruḥ || 52 ||

486. Gabhastinemiḥ: He who dwells in the middle of Gabhasti or rays as the Sun.

487. Sattvasthaḥ: One who dwells specially in sattvaguna, which is luminous by nature.

488. Simhaḥ: One who ahs irresistible power like a lion.

489. Bhūtamaheśvaraḥ: The supreme Lord of all beings.

490. Ādidevaḥ: He who is the first of all beings.

491. Mahādevaḥ: One whose greatness consists in His supreme self-knowledge.

492. Deveśaḥ: One who is the lord of all Devas, being the most important among them.

493. Devabhṛd-guruḥ: Indra who governs the Devas is Devabhrut. The Lord is even that Indra's controller (Guru).

uttarō gōpatirgōptā jñānagamyaḥ purātanaḥ |
śarīrabhūtabhṛdbhōktā kapīndrō bhūridakṣiṇaḥ || 53 ||

494. Uttaraḥ: One who is Uttirna or liberated from Samsara.

495. Gōpatiḥ: Krishna who tends the cattle in the form of a Gopa. One who is the master of the earth.

496. Gōptā: One who is the protector of all beings.

497. Jñānagamyaḥ: The Lord cannot be known through Karma or a combination of Karma and Jyana.

498. Purātanaḥ: One who is not limited by time and who existed before anything else.

499. Śarīrabhūtabhṛd: One who is the master of the five Bhutas (elements) of which the body is made.

500. Bhōktā: One who protects. Or one who is the enjoyer of infinite bliss.

501. Kapīndraḥ: Kapi means Varah (boar). The word means, the Lord who is Indra and also one who manifested as Varaha or the Boar in one of the incarnations. Or it signifies His Rama incarnation in which He played the role of the master of the monkeys.

502. Bhūridakṣiṇaḥ: One to whom numerous Dakshinas or votive offerings are made in Yajnas.

sōmapōmṛtapaḥ sōmaḥ purujit purusattamaḥ |
vinayō jayaḥ satyasandhō dāśārhassātvatāṁ patiḥ || 54 ||

503. Sōmapaḥ: One who drinks the Soma in all Yajnas in the form of the Devata.

504. Amṛtapaḥ: One who drinks the drink of immortal Bliss which is of one's own nature.

505. Sōmaḥ: One who as the moon invigorates the plants.

506. Purujit: One who gains victory over numerous people.

507. Purushottamaḥ: As His form is of cosmic dimension He is Puru or great, and as He is the most important of all, He is Sattama.

508. Vinayaḥ: One who inflicts Vinaya or punishment on evil ones.

509. Jayaḥ: One who is victorious over all beings.

510. Satyasandhaḥ: One whose 'Sandha' or resolve becomes always true.

511. Dāśārhaḥ: Dasha means charitable offering. Therefore, He to whom charitable offerings deserve to be made.

512. Sātvatāṁ-patiḥ: 'Satvatam' is the name of a Tantra. So the one who gave it out or commented upon it.

jīvō vinayitāsākṣī mukundōmitavikramaḥ |
ambhōnidhiranantātmā mahōdadhiśayōntakaḥ || 55 ||

513. Jīvaḥ: One who as the Kshetragya or knower of the field or the body, is associated with the Pranas.

514. Vinayitā-sākṣī: One who witnesses the Vinayita or worshipful attitude of all devotees.

515. Mukundaḥ: One who bestows Mukti or Liberation.

516. Amitavikramaḥ: One whose three strides were limitless.

517. Ambhōnidhiḥ: One in whom the Ambas or all beings from Devas down dwell.

518. Anantātmā: One who cannot be determined by space, time and causation.

519. Mahōdadhi-śayaḥ: One who lies in the water of Cosmic Dissolution into which all entities in the universe have been dissolved.

520. Antakaḥ: One who brings about the end of all beings.

ajō mahārhaḥ svābhāvyō jitāmitraḥ pramōdanaḥ |
ānandō nandanō nandaḥ satyadharmā trivikramaḥ || 56 ||

521. Ajaḥ: 'A' means Mahavishnu. So the word means one who is born of Vishnu i.e. Kama Deva.

522. Mahārhaḥ: One who is fit for worship.

523. Svābhāvyaḥ: Being eternally perfect He is naturally without a beginning.

524. Jitāmitraḥ: One who has conquered the inner enemies like attachment, anger, etc. as also external enemies like Ravana, Kumbhakarṇa etc.

525. Pramōdanaḥ: One who is always joyous as He is absorbed in immortal Bliss.

526. Ānandaḥ: One whose form is Ananda or Bliss.

527. Nandanaḥ: One who gives delight.

528. Nandaḥ: One endowed with all perfections.

529. Satyadharmā: One whose knowledge and other attributes are true.

530. Trivikramaḥ: One whose three strides covered the whole world.

maharṣiḥ kapilācāryaḥ kṛtajñō medinīpatiḥ |
tripadastridaśādhyakṣō mahāśṛṅgaḥ kṛtāntakṛt || 57 ||

531. Maharṣiḥ Kapilācāryaḥ: Kapila is called Mahāṛṣi because he was master of all the Vedas.

532. Kṛtajñaḥ: Kruta means the world because it is of the nature of an effect.

533. Medinīpatiḥ: One who is the Lord of the earth.

534. Tripadaḥ: One having three strides.

535. Tridaśādhyakṣaḥ: One who is the witness of the three states of waking, dream and sleep, which spring from the influence of the Gunas.

536. Mahāśṛṅgaḥ: One with a great antenna.

537. Kṛtānta-kṛt: One who brings about the destruction of the Kritā or the manifested condition of the universe.

mahāvarāhō gōvindaḥ suṣeṇaḥ kanakāṅgadī |
guhyō gabhīrō gahanō guptaścakragadādharaḥ || 58 ||

538. Mahā-varāhaḥ: The great Cosmic Boar.

539. Gōvindaḥ: 'Go' means Words, that is the Vedic sentences. He who is known by them is Gōvindaḥ.

540. Suṣeṇaḥ: One who has got about Him an armed guard in the shape of His eternal associates.

541. Kanakāṅgadī: One who has Angadas (armlets) made of gold.

542. Guhyaḥ: One who is to be known by the Guhyā or the esoteric knowledge conveyed by the Upanishads. Or one who is hidden in the Guha or heart.

543. Gabhīraḥ: One who is of profound majesty because of attributes like omniscience, lordliness, strength, prowess, etc.

544. Gahanaḥ: One who could be entered into only with great difficulty. One who is the witness of the three states of waking, dreams and sleep as also their absence.

545. Guptaḥ: One who is not an object of words, thought, etc.

546. Chakra-gadā-dharaḥ: One who has discus and Gada in hand.

vedhāḥ svāṅgo’jitaḥ kṛṣṇo dṛḍhaḥ saṅkarṣaṇo’cyutaḥ |
varuṇo vāruṇo vṛukṣaḥ puṣkarākṣo mahāmanāḥ || 59 ||

547. Vedhāḥ: One who does Vidhana or regulation.

548. Svāṅgaḥ: One who is oneself the participant in accomplishing works.

549. Ajitaḥ: One who has not been conquered by anyone in His various incarnations.

550. Kṛṣṇaḥ: One who is known as Krishna-Dvaipāyana.

551. Dṛḍhaḥ: One whose nature and capacity know no decay.

552. Saṅkarṣaṇo-acyutaḥ: Sankarshana is one who attracts to oneself all beings at the time of cosmic Dissolution and Acyuta is one who knows no fall from His real nature. They form one word with the first as the qualification - Acyuta who is Sankarshana.

553. Varuṇaḥ: The evening sun is called Varuna, because he withdraws his rays into himself.

554. Vāruṇaḥ: Vasishta or Agastya, the sons of Varuna.

555. Vṛukṣaḥ: One who is unshakable like a tree.

556. Puṣkarākṣaḥ: One who shines as the light of consciousness when meditated upon in the lotus of the heart. Or one who has eyes resembling the lotus.

557. Mahāmanāḥ: One who fulfils the three functions of creation, sustentation and dissolution of the universe by the mind alone.

bhagavān bhagahānandī vanamālī halāyudhaḥ |
ādityō jyōtirādityaḥ sahiṣṇurgatisattamaḥ || 60 ||

558. Bhagavān: The origin, dissolution, the bondage and salvation of creatures, knowledge, ignorance - one who knows all these is Bhagavan.

559. Bhagahā: One who withdraws the Bhagas, beginning with lordliness, into Himself at the time of dissolution.

560. Ānandī: One whose nature is Ananda (bliss).

561. Vanamālī: One who wears the floral wreath (Vanamāla) called Vaijayantī, which consists of the categories of five elements.

562. Halāyudhaḥ: One who in His incarnation as Balabhadra had Hala or ploughshare as His weapon.

563. Ādityaḥ: One who was born of Aditi in His incarnation as Vāmana.

564. Jyōtir-ādityaḥ: One who dwells in the brilliance of the sun's orb.

565. Sahiṣṇuḥ: One who puts up with the contraries like heat and cold.

566. Gatisattamaḥ: One who is the ultimate resort and support of all, and the greatest of all beings.